• Finished high school at Manila High School; passed the Civil Service examination, first-grade; enrolled at the University of the Philippines College of Law
• Graduated from the University of the Philippines College of Law, passed the Bar Examination with the second highest grade.
• Employed special clerk by the Philippine Commission, the legislative body.
• Employed by Manuel L. Quezon as assistant and secretary, in the new Philippine Assembly.
• Elected and served as member of the Philippine House of Representatives for 1st District of Ilocos Sur
Ran and won a 2nd term as Senator of 1st Senatorial District
Joined Manuel L. Quezon on the independence mission that lobbied the US Congress for the Tydings-McDuffie Act that created the Commonwealth of the Philippines and promised independence to the Philippine
Appointed Secretary of Finance in the first Cabinet of President Manuel L. Quezon, later appointed Secretary of Interior
Member of the Constitutional Convention that created the 1935 Constitution of the Philippines
Implemented Women’s Suffrage upon ratification by 90% of voters
Founding Dean of the College of Law of Adamson University
Start of the War in the Pacific (World War II)
Battle of Manila, wife Alicia and three children killed by Japanese sniper fire.
Served as Senate President Pro Tempore with the reopening of the Philippine Senate in July
Elected Vice President of the Commonwealth with President Manuel A. Roxas, served as Secretary of Finance
Independence of the Republic of the Philippines
Oath-taking as Vice President of the Republic of the Philippines
Appointed Secretary of Foreign Affairs, established overseas diplomatic missions in the United Nations, the Americas, Europe and Asia.
Assumed the presidency upon the death of President Roxas.
Quezon City became new capital city
Established the Social Security Commission as precursor of the SSS.
Granted absolute amnesty to the Hukbalahap.
Established the Central Bank, precursor of Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas.
Congressional committee exonerated him after an impeachment attempt
President Chiang Kai-shek of Nationalist China visited the Philippines.
Ran for a 2nd presidential term and won a satisfactory vote from the public.
Baguio Conference with representatives of the Republic of China, Australia, Indonesia, India, Ceylon, Pakistan, Australia, Thailand and the Philippines.
Sent 1st Philippine Expeditionary Forces to Korea (PEFTOK), 7,500 troops in all, the 4th largest force under the United Nations Command
Implemented the Economic Mobilization Program
Built infrastructure that are still being utilized to this day e.g., hydroelectric plant in Maria Cristina Falls (Mindanao), Ambuklao Dam (Luzon)
Enacted the Minimum Wage Law
Issued EO No. 355 meant to implement aggressive rice and corn production programs
President Achmed Sukarno of Indonesia visited the Philippines
Embarked on journey to visit the U.S., Spain, Italy, Israel, Karachi, and Thailand to strengthen diplomatic and personal ties with these countries
Ran in an unsuccessful bid for a 3rd term and lost to Ramon Magsaysay.
Retired to private life in Quezon City
Died of heart attack