Minimum wage and 8-hour labor law; improved tenant share in the harvest.
MINIMUM WAGE LAW.
On June 3, 1939, the 8-hour Work Day Law was enacted. During PEQ’s term, on April 4, 1951, RA 602 (The Minimum Wage Law) was enacted.
On August 12, 1948 President Elpidio Quirino created the Presidential Action Committee on Social Amelioration (PACSA) to effect socio-economic reforms in the countryside to counteract social unrest that was then plaguing the government.
In 1951, the Social Welfare Commission and PACSA were merged by virtue of Executive Order No. 396 and became the Social Welfare Administration (SWA). SWA was primarily charged with the proper enforcement of the laws and regulations relative to relief and other social services, and with the administration of all charitable and relief agencies, including institutions for care of the aged and/or infirm and of dependent, defective and/or delinquent children supported wholly or partly by the government.
This is now known today as the Department of Social Welfare and Development.
SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM.
On July 7, 1948, President Elpidio Quirino created a Social Security Commission (precursor of SSS), his first official act as president. This commission drafted the Social Security Act that was submitted to Congress. However, it was only on September 1, 1957 that the Social Security Act of 1954 or the Social Security Law (SS Law) was finally implemented adopting the social insurance approach to social security, covering the employed segment of the labor force in the private sector.